Impacts on Climate
Because of the greenhouse gas emissions since the Industrial Revolution, the average global temperature has risen by 0.85 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, and is projected to rise by 5.65 degrees Celsius by 2100 in the worst case scenario.
On January 15, 2020, the United Nations (UN) announced that the average temperature for the past 10 years was the highest on record. In addition, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has analyzed major global observational datasets and found that global warming has already brought disastrous consequences. Increases in temperature have caused extreme weather events such as heat waves, melting ice, droughts and floods, threatening people's livelihoods and economic infrastructure.
In particular, it is pointed out that people in poorer countries are more likely to be affected. In order to implement climate change measures, it is necessary to move away from coal as soon as possible.
At the 2015 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 24), the Paris Agreement was adopted with the aim of keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
There is an urgent need to abandon coal-fired power generation and to exist coal completely.